|1092 866 FEDERAL REPORTER, 2d SERIES|
UNITED STATES of America
Bruce SMITH, Defendant-Appellant.
UNITED STATES of America,
Roberta BLAIR, Defendant-Appellant.
Nos. 87 – 3020, 87 – 3025.
United States Court of Appeals,
Submitted Nov. 2, 1987.*
Submission Vacated Dec. 1, 1987.
Resubmitted Jan. 23, 1989.
Decided Jan. 23, 1989.
Holders of unpatented mining claims were convicted in the United States District Court for the District of Alaska, K Russel Holland, J., of residing and working on unpatented mining claim without having sought, filed for or having obtained permit (Plan of Operations) from Forest Service. Defendants appealed. The Court of Appeals, Cynthia Holcomb Hall, Circuit Judge, held that Paperwork Reduction Act precluded conviction,
1. Mines and Minerals key 95
Knowledge and reliance was not a prerequisite for asserting, in prosecution of holders of unpatented mining claim for residing and working on claim without having sought, filed for or having obtained permit from Forest Service, affirmative defense that Paperwork Reduction Act prohibited prosecution because filing requirement lacked a current control number. 44 U S C A §§ 3504, 3507, 3507(a, f), 3512.
* The panel finds this case appropriate for submission without oral argument pursuant to Ninth
Circuit Rule 34-4 and Fed. R. App. P. 34(a).